Ranjit B Rai
On 15th August, 2014 PM Modi electrified the nation in his long maiden speech from Red Fort and heralded a “ Make in India for Defence, and Exports”, and set the cat among the Pakistani pigeons (and Chinese) by demanding Indian Kashmir back and supported Baluchistan’s Independence …Gwadar in CPEC. A new dawn promising a corruption free Government was articulated by an orator ‘Par Excellence’ and BJP took office in April 2014. A Roman gladiator type stylishly Prime Minister Narendra Modi took over.
PM Modi looks older in 2018. The Line of Control and working boundary that Pakistan disputes in J & K, is more active and India’s fine Army is deeply mired in the difficult task protecting India’s people, India’s interests and integrity while a PDP-BJP dissonance rages there. India is richer, stronger in the external arena but internal security, policing, bickering between states and Naxalites and an impatient youth population are unable to fulfill their aspirations. Is the cup of India half full or half empty ? If you look at 4 years as a majoritarian Hindu, the cup is more than half full with Hindu power and Ram Mandir too seems nearer !
This IDF post states that the next five years could see a improvements in India’s security if a chastised and experienced BJP comes back to power, as they have bumbled along well for the last four years, learnt a lot and fiddled with ‘Make In India’ so India remains No 1 importer of Defence equipment. This has to change and must. It will, no matter who comes to power is the good news. The gene of Make in India, that the Indian Navy heralded is out of the bottle ! DEFEXPO-2018 showed that near a remote temple South of Chennai !
India has direct orders for 36 Rafales, 12 Chinooks & 22 Apaches from FMS and 2 Krivacks, 4 more 737 P8Is, Phalcons and 155mm guns all on direct payments and 5 Scorpene CKDs all worth over $ 16 bill. DRDO silently imports a fair percentage. PSU’s make Su-30MKIs, Tejas, sonars, communications, EW and radars with large imports in FFE. But the good news is many large apolitical companies like Larsen &Toubro Ltd, Mahindras, Kalyani’s Bharat Forge and Tatas and such are now making more in India. Others get help from Israel like Apha Design, Punj and Data Patterns and such are suppliers. Rosboron Service and Krasny are now supporting the Armed Forces. India’s nuclear submarines are more Make in India too, but lean on Russia. DEFEXPO bared much and MOD is less important for medium partnerships. MOD must allow 74% FDI.
Indian companies with war chests and political support like Adani have moved in. Haldi Ram too wants in. Sadly private players like ABG and Reliance Defence (Gandhi and Anil Ambani) have let the Navy down when it trusted them, and PSUs with nominated orders are complacent, as MOD controls their ‘ business plans’. Small SMSE’s have done wonders with supplies and exports but that is in few crores in self help. A big SMSE MKU has done well with exports but even there politics listed in paras above like one sees in appointment of Judges or Institutions has a say. IDF sticks its neck out to say this, leaning on VD Sarverkar’s call and its called ‘Hindutva’ which defence has still to understand ! Backs are still scratched.
After DEFEXPO 2018 over 100 French Defence suppliers under the banner of GIFAS funded and joined the newly formed Society of Indian Defence Manufactures (SIDM) meet under CII thanks to Mr Jayant Patil of L&T and ex VCOAS Saha in a path breaking B2B meet with Indian small and big Industry reps. GOI supported with RRM’s presence. The organized French and Indian ˜Industry Interaction on what Indian companies and SMSEs could do with French and ‘Make Projects’ and exports in Taj Mansingh (under auction) was amazing. The one day interaction was one to one, face to face across tables with discussions between industry representatives. Results have already come in.
On 26th April Navy’s Project Officers of various Make projects listed below met Indian Industry in another SIDM CII meet at the Habitat Centre. The Navy gave a list of needs for indegenisation. During deliberations the basic technical requirements and other modalities of indigenisation, envisaged for development of items was discussed and secrecy was off. The opportunity assessed the probable Indian Industry interested in various projects and this will form the data for project officers to further interact with industry for feasibility study. Navy had pioneered Directorate of Indigenization. WEESE and DND which are now being emulated in forms. BZ.
Under PM Narendra Modi’s hard hold rule, a lot has happened for India’s consumption economy and PM Modi has personally propelled India on to the world’s stage as a potential multi-polar aspirant to be considered seriously and his actions and antics inspire confidence. PM Modi is in Wuhan to meet with President Xi Jinping to reduce the trust deficit after 73 days of Doklam as IDF posts this but here are the cracks in BJP government’s journey.
Because of the over enthusiastic and ambitious RSS effect and BJP new to ruling a 1.3 bill intelligent people India has had a lack luster cabinet so trusting advice and action comes from PM’s trusted PMO while local religious issues are bandied by VHP (Tagodia removed) and Bajrang Dal who helped Modi’s election which had huge doses of social media by NRI’s monetary and technology support. The BJP effect has seeped into India’s internal security policies and affects the Army most and changes of Defence Ministers from Arun Jaitley (AVBP), to Manohar Parrikar(mild RSS), back to Arun Jaitley and now Nirmala Sithraman they have had their incubation periods in comfort but future RM’s are poised to do better, tactically blooded by Doklam as explained in IDF’s last post.
BJP’s governance and hand on the tiller of India have been the best of times and also the worst of times for the Armed Forces and for India too and it continues that way as elections near. It will be even more interesting.
That combination of power and mobility is vital to avoid war, while diplomacy and negotiations are the better options to solve differences in this age of proliferating nuclear weapons, especially in the region around India, which is challenged with poverty, border resolutions left over from the British with Pakistan and China. The new Defence Planning Committee set up under National Security advisor Ajit Doval who has had four years in office to address national security and related issues is very timely. Under the aegis of the NSA actions can be like a CDS would like with the foreign secretary, three service chiefs, and the secretary (expenditure) included and has been given the mandate to invite any specialists as NSA may desire and is a much-needed step in the right direction. Its mandate is to formulate the draft national security strategy, defence engagements, and modulations for facilitating capacity development along with self-reliance (Make In India) in the defence space with a focus on infrastructure, technological advancements, and future exports, is also laudatory.
The NSA, would need experts in the sphere of cyber security etc and hope he can convince the Committee to have Theater Commanders. Shan Na Varuna with list.
1 Deep Sea Side Scan Sonar Towing Winch (AON Granted)
2 Upper Air Sounding System (UASS) (AON Granted)
3 Diesel Engines for Boats (150-350 HP)
4 Main Propulsion Diesels (5-10 MW)
5 Shafting and Propellers
6 Expendable Underwater Targets (AIN Granted)
7 High Speed Low Flying Targets
8 Electrolysis Based Hydrogen Generator(AIN Granted)
9 Digital Beamforming Based Satellite TVC (DB2ST) (AIN Granted)
10 NVG Adaptation Filters and Image Intensifiers(AIN Granted)
11 1 phase and 3 phase inverters(AIN Granted)
12 Detonator N5 MK2 for CDSC 0.5 Kg with VH2 based composition(AIN Granted)
13 Electronic Fuze for Anti-Submarine Rocket RGB 60(AIN Granted)
14 Conformal Array Line of Sight Communication Antenna
15 Low Noise Waterjets for Surface Platforms
16 Light Weight Composite Material Portable Diesel Driven Fire Pumps