Ranjit B Rai
This IDF post is a maritime analysis inquiring of the state of current sovereignty of the Parcels near Vietnam, and Spratly Islands near Philippines, called the South China Sea (SCS). Three other nations have lesser claims.
With superior reclamation technology China has rocks turned in to fortified Islands in the SCS and opened them to tourism, fishing and exploration from Hainan and Haikou. SCS has gas and oil called the Blue Economy. China has dipped in to its deep pockets, and guards the SCS with its rising PLA (Navy) and taken over the Coast Guard.
New laws for base sea boundary lines extending to islands were introduced in UNCLOS and China set up three full Maritime Universities at Dalian, Shanghai and Jiangsu for Maritime Law and to study SCS. Many claim Bangla Desh and Myanmar consulted Chinese experts in their claims which concerned India and it helped. Even Pakistan did, to further its claims for extended EEZ in UN’s Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. Pakistan was the 13th nation to stake its EEZ claim as having deeper waters than India, and has got a favorable resolution which will have significant strategic consequences. India took time to submit its claims to be heard in sequence for final dispensation.
On SCS in the ITLOS arbitration, China issued a Non Paper purposely in poor English to confuse, in its defence. Philippines claimed the Spratlys citing Jurisdiction and won in 2016. Taiwan which has the original Chinese 8 Dash Line Chart it is rumored, owns the largest island called Taiping (Ibu Itu) in the SCS was not allowed to put forth its claim, or even attend proceedings not being a member of UN. Its Press Statement in 2016 needs study.