ON 9TH DEC 1971 KHUKRI UNDER CAPT MULLA FELL PREY TO HANGOR UNDER CDR TASNEEM —-18 OFFICERS & 126 SAILORS PERISHED & 8 OFFICERS & 61 SAILORS WERE RESCUED

 

Mrs. Indrani Devi, wife of the Union Defence Minister, Mr. Jagjivan Ram, breaking a coconut against the prow of the third leander class frigate ‘Udayagiri’, to mark the launching of the frigate from the yards of Mazagaon Dock in Mumbai. Looking on from left are :- Mr. Jagjivan Ram, Admiral S.M. Nanda and Vice Admiral B.A. Samson on October 24, 1972.

THE RESEARCHED STORY AS USI MEA AND BRITISH HIGH COMMISSION CELEBRATED 1ST WORLD WAR ANNIVERSARY WITH LACS BUT NO CELEBRATIONS FOR THE 1971 WAR IDF REMEMBERS THE 144 MEN IN WHITE WHO PERISHED IN A WATERY GRAVE IN 1971 ——RIP

IDF from Warring Nuclear Nations –India & Pakistan and The History of the Pakistan Navy.

At sea, especially in war, the Captain is a lonely ‘Old Man’ as he is called. The Captain does not eat with his officers in the wardroom or his men but in the Captain’s Cabin and yet his team must act unhesitatingly without orders, in the spirit and manner their superior desires. The Executive Officer runs the ship in co-operation with the Head of Departments—E/L and Logistics on instructions of his Captain as the 24×7 hard taskmaster. The senior most officer is the President of the Wardroom which has a, “No Treating Rule.” This makes naval officers great man managers for post retirement jobs.

On 8th Dec 1971 India’s Naval war at sea was going well for India, with the first five days of the war bringing in measures of triumph —the two successful missile attacks on Karachi, the sinking of the Ghazi and the exploits of the INS Vikrant to hurt East Pakistan as reported in earlier posts. All this created a sense of over confidence in this small sea-going arm. The first major blow to the Indian Navy came on the fateful night of 9th December. It rocked the Navy when the reality of war hit the sea-going community at large. INS Kirpan was attacked by a torpedo which did not explode because its firing mechanism or proximity fuse did not activate or depth setting was wrong as late Capt DS Paintal Long TAS and this writer’s counterpart in the sister US Shipping Company WSC in Karachi th Vice Adm Ahmed Tasneem Ex VCNS PN who resembled Vadm Russi Ghandhi discussed on a visit to his father’s village in the 1990s in Delhi. INS Kirpan increased speed, dropped Depth Charges and left the scene soon after. Continue reading

4th DEC ACTION IN THE 1971 WAR IN THE BAY WAS SPEARHEADED BY INS VIKRANT’S PLANES AND MISSILE BOATS TOOK OFF FOR KARACHI WITH NO AIR COVER

Mrs. Indrani Devi, wife of the Union Defence Minister, Mr. Jagjivan Ram, breaking a coconut against the prow of the third leander class frigate ‘Udayagiri’, to mark the launching of the frigate from the yards of Mazagaon Dock in Mumbai. Looking on from left are :- Mr. Jagjivan Ram, Admiral S.M. Nanda and Vice Admiral B.A. Samson on October 24, 1972.

Extracts from Warring Nuclear Nations –India Pakistan.  Memories are made of this. 

The ferocious and rare White Tiger, painted across each flying fighter machine, gives its name to the British Seahawk Jet Fighter Squadron INAS 300 operating from INS Vikrant. The Cobras are the French built Alize Squadron INAS 310 flying off the Vikrant for ground and anti-submarine missions with latest ARRAR EW system which was  new to India when Vikrant first arrived and the Alizes few sorties for the Army ands Air Force in 1965. Ships got the UA8/9 more advanced system on INS Nilgiri. .

 

The Vikrant and the planes were received by Pandit Nehru in 1961 and writer was Acting Flag Sub Lt to FOCIF Radm BS Soman and went out with INS Beas with Custom officers to clear the ship and many transfer of residence and paying minimum duty as the Custom officers were kept in good spirits and access to the ship’s canteen, and learnt the vast powers a Custom Officer has. The cream of pilots were on board and Sea Hawks were commanded then by Cdr Acharya in 1961 and now led by Lt Cdr S. Gupta, an ex Doon School Alumni and the Alizes by Cdr (O) M.K. Roy in 1961 and led by late Lt Cdr Ravi Dhir. The Tigers were waiting to kill and the Cobras to bite.  Continue reading

2018 WAS A YEAR OF DROUGHT WITH NO NEW SHIPS FOR INDIA’S NAVY BUT OPERATIONAL TEMPO WAS NOT LACKING AND INS ARIHANT PROVED NAVY’S ROLE IN INDIA’S TRIAD

Ranjit B Rai
IDF Navy Week Musings with IDF’s Maritime analysis.

This post must begin on Navy Day which falls on 4th December with a statement of import, though the media has been less excited about Navy Week in its dissemination as its election time.

This is the Era of MARITIMIZATION and Navies world over are being beefed up and India cannot afford to lag as Navies are capital intensive and need long term planning. Indian Navy tries it best but delays, cost overruns and casualmess by MOD have plagued its expansion but has cut its coat well with the cloth given to it, and flown India’s flag high in over two score International and Tri Service exercises and HADR. The year 2018 was a more or less accident free, unlike other Navies. So it deserves a BZ on Navy Day !

The Navy has done with just 14% of the Defence Budget 2018-19 at Rs 40,4195 crores from a total of Rs 295,511 crores ($42.7Bill), only 1.4% of India’s GDP. The Air Force got 22%, the Army 52%. India’s maritime security needs more teeth, and larger budget allocations in the coming years. Before Army and Air Force feathers get ruffled IDF must explain. Continue reading

NAVY STRUCK KARACHI ON 4TH DEC 1971 & BY HAPPENSTANCE IAF HUNTERS SET KEMARI OIL TANKS ON FIRE “CHOTTE BRAHA NU EK STRIKE DE DE”…WAS THE KEY BY DEFACTO CDS SAM BAHADUR

IDF’s Unknown 1971 War Stories from NUCLEAR WARRING NTIONS 

India’s Navy is celebrating another Navy Week—2018-as a year of drought. The Navy decommissioned four ships and commissioned none reducing its ORBAT but INS Arihant joined India’s TRIAD and Navy conducted twelve major International and Tri Services exercises with a high tempo. 

Looking back in early 1971 the Indian Navy unknowingly struck gold when eight 240 ton Osa Class missile port defence boats arrived aboard Soviet heavy lift ships at Calcutta’s Kidderpore docks, before the 1971 war was even planned. Each boat carried 4 SS-N-2 Styx anti-ship radar guided missiles with 3 Russian 4000 hp M-503G diesel engines developed 35 knots at full power manned by crews in Vladivostok. The Rangout radar (NATO Square Tie) with directed power could detect surface targets at 40 miles beyond the Styx maximum missile range of around 30 miles. CPT’s 90 ton crane unloaded the boats at Kolkata for training ships INS Cauvery and INS Tir to tow the boats to Bombay.  Continue reading

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT INDIA’S UNDERWATER NUCLEAR CAPABILITY NOW THAT PM MODI HAS ANNOUNCED INDIA HAS COMPLETED IT’S TRIAD & SECOND STRIKE IS OPERATIONAL

IDF Update & Analysis

IDF offers an explanation of the Naval component of India’s Triad, which Prime Minister Narendra Modi proudly announced when he received INS Arihant on the 5th of November, 2018 at Vishakhapatnam. CNS Sunil Lanba and Vadm Retd PS Cheema Ex SFC are seen in the picture as the Captain presented a ship’s cap to PM who wanted to tell the world India’s triad was operational and neighbours not to blackmail India.

To prove India’s air, land and sea based deterrent and second strike capability, ‘In India’s No First Use’ policy the PMO and SFC would have discerned possible targets and listed them for each service’s to make their war plans and updated the War Book for support in their de-mated triad state for swift mating the bombs and missiles. SFC must have carried out trials table top exercises with the Nuclear Command Authority under NSA’s directions with a retired Navy Admiral in NSCS helping who was SFC and with NSA Menon traveled to sites. Continue reading

NASIM ZEHRA’S BOOK WITH MILITARY MAPS & OPERATIONS A LA KARGIL 1999 ADMITS IT WAS A “DISASTER FOR PAKISTAN”– IDF ASKS WILL MOD/MODI’S GOI RELEASE 1962 BLUNDERS & HENDERSON BROOKS REPORT–THE 1965 WAR WHY NAVY WAS LEFT OUT & KARGIL-TO LEARN LESSONS AS PAKISTAN HAS DONE

IDF repeats history repeats itself in current conditions, and Winston Churchill said, “History is invariably told by the persons who write it”. Churchill a former Military officer served in India and still owes the Bangalore Club a bill of Rs 13 ( worth Rs 5000 today) shown in the club’s foyer, went on to write the history of the World War 2 in six volumes to win the Nobel Prize. He had access to all records and also wanted to glorify Britain and to learn lessons.

On his death, Churchill was nationally honoured equal to Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, born on 29th September 1758 who died on 21th October 1805. Continue reading

HOW VULNERABLE IS INDIA TO CYBER WARFARE ATTACKS IS THE CHALLENGE FACING NATIONAL SECURITY PLANNERS.

Ranjit B Rai

The Institute of Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA) held a two day long conference on Digital Age & Cyber Space from 28th August 2018 in New Delhi in partnership with  the Institute of Policy, Advocacy and Governance(IPAG) headquartered in Dhaka in Bangla Desh.  The aim of the conference was to, “Maximise Benefits, Minimise Risks and Unleash Creativity”, of the cyber domain and was addressed by nine Indian cyber experts and many more from think tanks in USA, Belgium UK, Singapore and France.

The speakers engaged with a lively audience, which included companies that work on cyber security for institutions, and Government, and professional virus solution providers and hackers in industry who also work for National Security. Cyber is a new speciality and jobs are well paid as work in Cyber challenges the practitioners who are expected to re-interpret the existing models of enterprise security, and to think out of the box.

At the outset it is known that India unlike China, lacks a national Internet network with large server capacity to make firewalls, restrict Google and Gmail like services, and yet provide its citizen’s internet, like China does through its Weinbao like services. China has set up internal gateways for security with fusion centres for intelligence and has a large budget for cyber operations and an army of young hackers. Cyber operations are getting connected with artificial intelligence (AI) for automatic surveillance of threats. Continue reading

US UNDER SECRETARY ALICE WELLS RECKONS 2 PLUS 2 IS ABOUT TIME US INDIA SECURITY RELATIONS ARE OPERATIONALISED — JAPAN’S ONODERA ON MARITIME SECURITY & CHINA’S GEN FENGE TO KEEP PEACE ON BORDERS AS PER WUHAN CAME —DOES IT INCLUDE RESPITE FOR CPEC THRU POK & BHUTAN’S DOKLAM ?

Ranjit B Rai

Security decisions are all about ‘pushes and pulls’. In the preamble IDF can state India’s security history is seeing a new epoch, which began after the Cold War ended.  India’s ship of state altered course, and has now turned “hard a Starboard” to USA. The driving force is dictated by ‘strategic convergences’ between US and India (just like marriages), just like the winds that hurled India into the Soviet Camp in the 1960s. A military Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Security followed, despite Non Alignment.  Convergences are now driving   India in to USA’s lap, India’s best and only option in the circumstances, that IDF analyses.

India today is in  USA’s  security camp with eighteen Exercise Simbexes and has an Indian Naval officer in Singapore’s  International Fusion Centre (IFC) at Changi  along with US, Japan and France’s International Liaison Officer (ILO) and Madagascar’s IFC which    monitors all shipping  in the Indo-Pacific. It provides strategic import, and Intelligence. 

Indian Navy with Exercise Malabars  gets Intelligence and the NSAs of USA and India co-operate for Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) to jointly and confidently track intruding PLA (Navy) ships and submarines as CNS Adm Sunil Lanba has stated. Nothing is in writing except a one page general Defence Framework and one out of three foundational agreements called LEMOA, for logistics to guide the militaries. The other two CISMOA and BECA will consummate the India US security relationship as the first step. Only Indian Navy seems to be in step with US Navy with its Maritime Centre in Gurgaon. Continue reading

POET LAWYER PM VAJPAYEE LED INDIA BY RIGHT— HE LOVED SEASONS & TASTES— A PERSUASIVE & AMBIGUOUS ORATOR WHO PLACED INDIA ON THE NUCLEAR PODIUM – SHED NON-ALIGNMENT & INDIA’S LICENSE RAJ TO BEFRIEND USA & ATTEMPTED FRIENDSHIP WITH A WAYWARD PAKISTANI GENERAL——RIP SIR!

Ranjit B Rai

Readers may   question   IDF’s temerity to write about one of India’s great Prime Minister’s – late Atal Behari Vajpayee. The  Latin ‘temere’, means   boldness. In India; Brahminical restraints are  imposed, so IDF seeks indulgence, as Vajpayee was a poet and enjoyed life,  and servicemen must appreciate him  as a rounded personality,  that services respect as leaders.  

Few uniformed have written about   Vajpayee as he never  favoured any one,  or credited one person or a creed. He believed in collective efforts and respected the Military. Let Gen VP Malik and Chiefs of his time speak.

Vajpayee’s role Vis a Vis Advani and his opponent   Murli Manohar Joshi in politics and such, is written about, and shows Vajpayee carried all his enemies with him with his poetry or oratory.

 RSS No 2 Sudershan suddenly arrived to meet PM Vajpayee when BJP was first elected  to form the Government and said RSS does not want Jaswant Singh, a military man to be a Minister. Jaswant had lost his election just as AVBP Jaitley in 2014.  It shows RSS views and hold over BJP.

 PM Vajpayee appointed 11th course NDA Col Jaswant Singh as Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, then to the Rajya Sabha and made him Defence Minister.  Vajpayee’s principle was not to bend, but just bow for a time. When Vajapayee was asked if he would leave BJP he said, “Jaieen to Jaieen Khya”. He is recommended to Services brass.  Bow not bend plan a  strategy,  co-operate with Government to get what it is national interests. Continue reading

ON 71ST INDEPENDENCE DAY IDF RECALLS THE CONTRIBUTION BY FORGETTEN ROYAL INDIAN NAVY BRITS-INDIANS-ANGLOS & PARSEES FOR INDIA’S WHITE GUARD PAST & PRESENT —THEY STRUCTURED & TRAINED WHAT IS THE FINE INDIAN NAVY TODAY —-PART ONE

Ranjit B Rai inputs Jai Misra

Former PM Vajpayee a leader who respected the military, attend Navy Days is no more and IDF will do a post.

This IDF post holds an apology for poor editing at times from IDF’s I Pad, but it’s what comes out of one’s bonnet. It is left to Sub Editors, which IDF does not have.

After 71 years of neglect of infrastructure the monsoon is playing havoc washing away roads especially in Kerala where Navy is executing heroic recues. When one travels, one sees how India is falling behind ASEAN and China, as inequality also has risen but 200 mill Indians are propelling India big, as the world’s biggest consumer market.

In such conditions poorer Indians look to PM Modi to become India’s Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR–1940) who gave USA Social Security and Health care and made USA rich and strong. It can happen with leadership, with Demonet, GST, Adhaar and 106 schemes in PMO and now Modi care!

Regrettably most like Modi are born after 1947 so military history especially about the British part of the Navy is not recalled or researched as 15,000 Navy mutinied in 1946, and records destroyed and research is not Indians’ forte but PM Vajpayee lived pre and post Partition India, enjoyed a tot, made India go nuclear and dearly loved a woman too as Kingshuk Nag his biographer writes ! He lived history……… RIP!

IDF listened to PM’s 82 minute (Election??) spiel from the Red Fort. Children from 5.30 am, endured the stifling heat, and even PM, wiped his face often with gulps, but he did unfold India’s progress many times, conveying he needs another term to complete his dream. In golf we say, the Mulligan (second) shot, is always better, so Modi is India’s only Mulligan

May be under another BJP the War Memorial at India Gate, National Defence University (NDU) in Gurgaon, NFU and OROP and the Theatre Commands debate that IAF, Radm Monty Khanna and now ACM Krishnaswamy have alluded to and a CDS will move. The defence budget is inaequate — Rafale and S-400 will eat in, and no off sets have succeeded. No new Naval ship can do without a helicopter it is said, so Navy, like India Jugads! This needs correction. Continue reading