ON 71ST INDEPENDENCE DAY IDF RECALLS THE CONTRIBUTION BY FORGETTEN ROYAL INDIAN NAVY BRITS-INDIANS-ANGLOS & PARSEES FOR INDIA’S WHITE GUARD PAST & PRESENT —THEY STRUCTURED & TRAINED WHAT IS THE FINE INDIAN NAVY TODAY —-PART ONE

Ranjit B Rai inputs Jai Misra

Former PM Vajpayee a leader who respected the military, attend Navy Days is no more and IDF will do a post.

This IDF post holds an apology for poor editing at times from IDF’s I Pad, but it’s what comes out of one’s bonnet. It is left to Sub Editors, which IDF does not have.

After 71 years of neglect of infrastructure the monsoon is playing havoc washing away roads especially in Kerala where Navy is executing heroic recues. When one travels, one sees how India is falling behind ASEAN and China, as inequality also has risen but 200 mill Indians are propelling India big, as the world’s biggest consumer market.

In such conditions poorer Indians look to PM Modi to become India’s Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR–1940) who gave USA Social Security and Health care and made USA rich and strong. It can happen with leadership, with Demonet, GST, Adhaar and 106 schemes in PMO and now Modi care!

Regrettably most like Modi are born after 1947 so military history especially about the British part of the Navy is not recalled or researched as 15,000 Navy mutinied in 1946, and records destroyed and research is not Indians’ forte but PM Vajpayee lived pre and post Partition India, enjoyed a tot, made India go nuclear and dearly loved a woman too as Kingshuk Nag his biographer writes ! He lived history……… RIP!

IDF listened to PM’s 82 minute (Election??) spiel from the Red Fort. Children from 5.30 am, endured the stifling heat, and even PM, wiped his face often with gulps, but he did unfold India’s progress many times, conveying he needs another term to complete his dream. In golf we say, the Mulligan (second) shot, is always better, so Modi is India’s only Mulligan

May be under another BJP the War Memorial at India Gate, National Defence University (NDU) in Gurgaon, NFU and OROP and the Theatre Commands debate that IAF, Radm Monty Khanna and now ACM Krishnaswamy have alluded to and a CDS will move. The defence budget is inaequate — Rafale and S-400 will eat in, and no off sets have succeeded. No new Naval ship can do without a helicopter it is said, so Navy, like India Jugads! This needs correction. Continue reading

NUCLEAR PAKISTAN TRUCKED WITH CHINA EASILY CHALLENGES A MORE POWERFUL INDIA TRUCKED WITHUSA’S POTUS AFTER YEARS WITH RUSSIA ….DAMMED IF INDIA DOES& DAMMED IF IT DOES NOT ??IT ISCATCH 22 FOR INDIA’S LEADERSHIP

This post is prompted byever smiling plump,Secretary of State Mike Pompeo who is due in India early September. Pompeoalways takes a bagful  of Trump’s surprises with him. WithGenMattisthey will confer with  our two Lady Ministers Sushma with a great past, and Nirmala brought in to defend India both guided by PMO on India’s US policy and military trade. IDF feels   NSA Doval PM’s alter ego on Security would like to be present. No ?

At the recent Indo-Pacific Business Forum, Pompeo  clarified , “ the Trump administration’s strategy is  for advancing a free and open Indo-Pacific. Heemphasized  that for  U.S.A, business engagement is at the center of it – as  a staple of USA’s  mission to promote peace, stability, and prosperity.” Note the words business and staple !

The message was also for China which has grown 25 times in three decades with trade.  India grew three times and USA grew 2.5 times and Chinaclaims it has  never stopped  trade. The  underlying fact is,  China has usurped the South  China Sea islands and challenges USA as a peer competitor in trade and stops US warships entering  the 12 nm territorial seas it claims,  for  the rocks now amazingly fortified into  islands by Chinese engineers.   So Trump has unleashed a trade war,  as war is not an option but intimidation is, in tactical Nuclear times.

Indians will have to understand USA lives by Alexis de Tocqueville. He  was an Intelligence man and the French author who wrote, Democracy in America (1835), perhaps the best, and certainly the most widely-quoted book ever written about the United State, like Discovery of India by Pandit Nehru. IDF used both  to write Indians Why We Are What  We Are and got ‘Gallis’ (critical reviews)like the book The Ugly American. , Khushwant Singh wrote, Indians like to criticize but cannot stomach criticism …..ala Rahul and a  Modi and a Shah are at it, tooth and nail !

But here lies the difference. Tocqueville explains the Business of Americans is to make money (business). Pandit Nehru looked to culture, history and fairness which USA does not, and even told the first Principal of NDA, Prof Vyas, Economics Is Not To Be Taught To The  MilitaryAnd Is Supposedto have said, Commerce Is a Dirty Word…Vive la Differnce. Continue reading

IN ABSENCE OF A CDS NSA HEADS DPC WITH CHIEFS AS BJP’S DE-FACTO CDS—IT IS A MORAL ACT BY PM LIKE LORD KRISHNA’S FOR THE WAIVERING PANDAVAS— GITA SAYS MORALITY RESTS WITH POWER & IS IN THE HANDS OF PM-THE DE FACTO C-in-C OF INDIA

This an IDF  analysis  of the dire need for a one point Military Commander that  India lacks for higher leadership that India  and has sorely  missed.

We have  forgotten,   India  had a De Facto  CDS Parsi  by luck in the 1971 war for Victory ! There is no CDS or C-in-C and PM runs the Government through Constitutional Cabinet Control, perforce  as a C-in-C too.

In the 1965 war the PM Shastri asked Navy not to join. In the 1971 war (Mrs Gandhi accepted a De Facto CDS)  and Kargil half war (PM Vajpayee to Army Chief JO KARNA HAI KARO…..not in writing) showed that all security  decisions were  by PM  with no one point of advice as Chiefs seldom easily agree on major issues, as many Defence Secretaries have said, and pre -Kargil lack of military actions depicted.

No  Chief has been able to get the other two to agree on OROP to goad an end to the imbroglio.   In 1971 Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw took over as de-facto CDS  to ACM Pratap Lal’s ire. It’s in Lal’s book and IAF did not want CDS, Radm Monty Khanna says IAF does not like Theatre Commands !

When Adm Sushil Kumar was being made CDS by RM George Fernandes a COSC paper was readied, guard and band and a residence were  being planned, but the IAF Chief was reluctant to sign the COSC paper that Defence Secretary awaited !  It has remained since,  despite Committees by Arun Singh, K Subrahmanyam and Naresh Chandra. Continue reading

IDF ANALYSIS HOW NAVY TRANSITED FROM BUYER TO A BUILDER’S NAVY & WHY ARMY & AIR FORCE COULD NOT —POINTERS FOR THEM TO GAIN FROM NAVY’S WESEE- DGND -PSU SHIPYARDS- L&T-DOCKYARDS-DOI & VISIT TO MDA CENTRE/ BELUGA IN GURGAON

India’s Navy began as the Honourable East India Company’s Marine on 5th Sept, 1612, then became Royal Indian Marine and many names including Indian Navy. It became the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) on 2nd October 1934 at Bombay.

 Ratnagiri’s Muslamans took part in First World war as RIN Ratings, called Khalasees. In WW 2  Indian  officers and ratings took valiant part  from  1939  as a miniscule force of 8 warships,  1,500 sailors and 150 officers.  RIN was expanded.  Posters, “Join the Navy & See the World”, saw officers and sailors join. Some were sent to UK, others were quick–trained by Goras in Cocin!   

 By 1945, RIN’s strength had multiplied fifteen times to 2,438 officers, 214 Petty Officers and 21,193 ratings with 14 bases and a Training/Air base on Cochin’s Willingdon Island for the Fleet Air Arm, from where the US Air Force also operated.  Lt Cdr YN Singh a pilot flew from RN carriers and many others fought on RN ships in the Atlantic like our Army abroad and IAF in Battle of Britain. Because of the 1946 Naval Mutiny, RN did not credit RIN for the war.

Lord Admiral Louis Mountbatten (Dikkie) saluted RIN’s  war actions in Burma and Middle East, and Flag Lt RKS Ghandhi and wife Bubbles would relate these. They became lifelong friends.

 Navy’s ships are ‘operated and maintained’ by the Ship’s Company, unlike Army where EME maintains and in IAF, only pilots fight. The maintainers get good night’s sleep.  On warships all   sail and sink together, so skills to keep the machinery and drills in top shape are every body’s business. Topasses repair toilet flushes better than plumbers and load guns and dine together.  Till  recently IDF did not know they were Dalits.   Continue reading

INDIA TO SIGN QUID PRO QUO COMCASA FOR WAIVER FROM CAASTA TO BUY S-400 MISSILES & REDUCE RELIANCE ON RUSSIA WHEN 2 PLUS 2 MEET IN DELHI –USA’S GOAL TO WEAN INDIA AWAY FROM RUSSIA ENTERS THE LAST LAP. USA’s STRATEGY ?

USA has become an oil exporting nation so IDF analyses the period ahead portends very, very trying  days for China, Iran and Russia in economic terms due a trade war let loose by President Trump which will affect India. Chinese and Iranian companies are in big crisis. Trump’s aim.

IDF posted the  2 plus 2  meet was postponed by Secretary of State Pompeo. It was deliberate as the  agenda was not complete to USA’s  expectations. The agenda is going through,  “Last Minute Jugad”.  Dr APJ Abdul Kalam always told Project Directors. “Push push….no waste time, less files more work.” A nuclear submarine was born, like his missiles. Continue reading

IS SOUTH CHINA SEA GOING GOING GONE INTO CHINA’S LAP? TIME IS RUNNING OUT TO MAKE CHINA ADHERE TO UNCLOS (1982) WHICH USA HAS ITSELF NOT SIGNED! LESSONS IN THESE INTERESTING TIMES AS INDIA PAKISTAN CHINA & BHUTAN TOO HAVE NO DEFINED BOUNDARIES!

Ranjit B Rai

This IDF post is   a maritime analysis  inquiring of   the state of current sovereignty of the Parcels near Vietnam, and Spratly Islands near Philippines,  called the South China Sea (SCS). Three other nations have lesser claims.   

 With superior reclamation technology China has rocks turned in to fortified  Islands in the SCS  and opened them to tourism, fishing and exploration from Hainan and Haikou.  SCS has gas and oil called the Blue Economy. China has dipped in to its deep pockets, and guards the SCS with its rising PLA (Navy) and taken over the Coast Guard.  

New laws for base sea boundary lines extending to islands were introduced in UNCLOS and China set up three  full Maritime Universities at Dalian, Shanghai and Jiangsu  for Maritime Law and to study SCS.  Many claim Bangla Desh and  Myanmar consulted Chinese experts in their claims which concerned India and it helped. Even Pakistan did,  to further its  claims for extended EEZ in UN’s Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. Pakistan was the 13th nation to stake its EEZ claim as having deeper waters than India, and has got a favorable resolution which will have  significant strategic consequences.   India took time to submit its claims to be heard in sequence for final dispensation.  

On SCS in the  ITLOS arbitration, China issued a Non Paper purposely in poor English to confuse, in its defence. Philippines claimed the Spratlys citing Jurisdiction and won in 2016. Taiwan which has the original Chinese 8 Dash Line Chart it is rumored, owns the largest island called Taiping (Ibu Itu) in the SCS was not allowed to put forth  its claim, or even  attend proceedings not being a member of UN. Its Press Statement in 2016 needs study.

  Continue reading

THE ADMIRALS OF THE NAVY WHO OCCUPIED THE BIG WHITE CHAIR IN SOUTH BLOCK & ARE NO MORE NEED TO BE REMEMBERED WITH THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE RISE OF THE INDIAN NAVY—ADM JG NADKARNI WAS KNOWN FOR OP GODSAL –A SEAMANSHIP TASK WELL DONE SIR BZ ! RIP.

IDF has received several  personal  responses  on  Admiral JG  Nadkarni’s  OBIT, and hence produces a few with his photograph.  

 Vice Admiral MP Awati former FOC-in-C West that IDF served briefly as COPO now called CSO(Ops),  had a booming voice, a majestic gate and  is   devoted to the Navy even  today and is credited for pushing the Navy’s Round The World Voyages which has earned Navy plaudits,  has this to say, “Podgy’ Nadkarni was my contemporary, he belonged to a rare breed of seamen and leaders of seamen attempting to resurrect a once enviable maritime tradition. I was privileged to have his support when I was struggling to consolidate  my attempt to revive interest in our history at sea.” Warm regards Manohar AwatI.

 Cdr Hirak Nag writes, “As a Midshipman on the Delhi I was once made his ‘Doggie’ and remember once displaying my annoyance for him having sent me aft on a small errand and I had displayed my annoyance for being sent on what I thought, was an un-necessary  job. Noting that he sent me again for a small job making me realize,  my fault for questioning a senior officer. He had, thereafter treated me well. He was a fine officer, and a fine Chief”. Continue reading

CAN INDIA SIT ON THE FENCE OVER TRUMP’S SANCTIONS ON RUSSIA ?—UNLIKELY– BUT IT CAN GET EXEMPTION FROM CAASTA IF IT CUTS A DEAL WITH TRUMP —— BUY THE PLANES WE NEED BADLY FROM USA —- AN RFI IS OUT ! GO FOR IT —–TO PLEASE BOTH USA AND RUSSIA !

Ranjit B Rai

IDF appends  what IDF  POSTED  after PM Modi’s visit to USA in 2015 on invitation by President Obama as thanks   for  signing a Strategy Partnership for Asia Pacific which is Indo-Pacific now.  IDF analyzed PM Modi’s  visit. Indian Navy is  exercising  in RIMPAC off Hawaii and have consummated over 20 Malabars. India is now USA’S Defence Partner and USA”s maritime arm , that IDF analyzed two years ago.

TRIUMPHANT MODI   RENEWS ONE PAGE  INDO-US DEFENCE FRAME WORK  — INDIA  TO GET STRONGER   OR ALSO  BE BEHOLDEN TO USA IN ITS CAMP  ?  

 

This is an IDF Analysis of PM Modi’s USA visit on Security and Maritime issues. Any  one who  forgets history will repeat the mistakes.  

 PM’s  Navratri trip  to US was a  success. More  military wares will be ordered from USA and FDI  in Defence is looked forward to,   but what about security consequences for India in the long run ? Must have been thought out, as USA will expect in its national interests for  India to be USA’s  strategic  and economic bulwark in the East, without India saying so. Modi has gambled on USA and also stated, “India will Go East”.

Will Indian Armed Forces become  beholden to USA’s military industrial complex(MIC)   like India was,  and  is still to the USSR/Russia  for its military technology or will India balance USA and Russia while still dancing the Tango with USA,  Israel and Japan  and Foxtrot with China ?  Missteps in security decisions can prove debilitating, as security scenarios change and nations have to take sides. In Cold War India was in the Soviet camp if analyzed.

POST QUOTE ENDS

When Soviet Union had no friends and India  opposed USA ‘with get out of the Indian Ocean’( and now we say please come USA ), the  Soviets  made  India  its  Defence Strategy Partner and India won the 1971 war with Soviet supplied weapons. The joke was Admiral Gorshkov and Soviet Brigadier Generals in their Army and Air Force planned our three services so we are still 60 % Russian which Trump does not like.

 India blindly  voted with Soviet Union in UN those days and this was the price we paid as we bought arms with  loans. Friends of the Government named  in Tavleen Singh’s book,  ‘Durbar’ they imported computers and TV sets etc from abroad with licenses and exported to Soviet Union over priced from India. FFE went down. We paid back Russia in rupees less as  Rouble devalued with Soviet Union’s break up.

India  went  broke for FFE in 1991. India had no option but open up. Trump now   wants India to open up and  make USA great and feels he can make India great. Condelezza Rice said it when she came with President Bush 10 years ago. We were undecided then, and PM Modi has committed.

Today  India’s Russian supplied military inventory, planes,  helicopters and submarines have to go to Russia for  certification  or refits and to  Russians for nuclear safety for nuclear submarines  in India,  so no way can India do without Russia for some time. INS Vikramaditya and Mig-29K need support. Phalcons too. The next  Kundankulam plant is shipped from Russia.

IDF REPEATS nothing comes free in the world of politics and foreign policy, so in Non Alignment days till 1980s  India got no goodies from USA and Pakistan feasted.  FDI to India was low , no technology came, no defence manufacturing of its name  was set up by our bureaucrats and Indian diplomats proudly said India was a poor nation and served Nimboo Pani at Receptions. It will be same  now with BJP/RSS edicts !

USA sold oil rigs and refineries we needed badly and  as Indians did not know prices many made the hay ! US PL-480 TITLE 1 Free grains and Vegetable oil free,  with shipping to be paid to the Conference Dollars to USA’s Waterman and India’s SCI and, TITLE 2  Free grains, pulses  and Vegetable oil with shipping  to be paid and to be sold through Amul and money from sales  in Rupees was  given to USAID and US Embassy in India. TITLE 3 free help  in calamities. So USA enjoyed India to dump excess agriculture and supplied all refineries as captive business. USA is now a Oil and Gas exporter and India is a buyer. India is now e buying from USA and knows it can replace Iran.

In all this despite poverty India was a respected a nation with makings of a regional power because of its fine Military. Even today the Government has strength to talk as a Nuclear Military Power, though military is degraded, some of its own making.

 1991 liberalization showed India can grow and  soon  India was out of the woods and by 1998 Shakti Nuclear explosions India arrived on the world stage and there is no looking back no matter which Government governs India. Its military runs on JUGAD and its strong to take on an adversary. .

India has no strategy but has  five year plans,  and Public Sector Undertakings as it grew from the Hindu rate of growth to 5 to 6%  and hands clapped,  but poverty remained despite the Slogan GARIBI HATAO, it remains a slogan. Added to that  DEMONET and GST without education to poor  in digital technology has hit 25% of India’s poor population. It has emboldened the Hindu right to come to power on a religion called Hindutva  !

Poverty will not go away unless India grows at 8%, liberalises its industry and banking, its ways of doing business and brings in manufacturing for export and defence and sets up big fruit farms and slowly attends to agriculture to privatise other agriculture. Only then can we even think of competing economically with China. .

On defence and security  India today is in better shape as USA is on India’s side as its Defence Strategy Partner in the Indo-Pacific unwritten but to take on as a Pivot and Bulwark to China.

Defence Secretary Ashton Carter  had said, “The US is keen to forge a ‘closer and stronger’ military relationship with India, and a whole  ‘a whole bunch of things’ will be announced to boost Indo-US strategic ties. What we are looking for is a closer relationship and a stronger relationship as we can, because it is geo-politically grounded. The specific things we are doing with them is two-fold. One, we have the rebalance so to speak, westward from the United States. They have Act East, which is their strategic approach eastward. These are like two hands grasping one another and that’s a good thing”.

IDF states this  matches very much up with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s initiative and  India is  very much aligned in terms of what the government is doing  strategically and economically, but President Trump’s CAASTA to sanction Iran and Russia may spoil PM Modi’s party.

 

Last week a big team from USA led by M/s Ellen  Lord  US Under Secretary for Defence Acquisition &  Sustainment met with Mr Ajay Kumar Secretary Defence Production( of only PSUs)  at the Manekshaw Centre as part of the 7th DEFENCE TECHNLOGY & TRADE INITIATIVE (DTTI) meet and repeated details of offers on the table of  number of weapons and technologies like EMALs, 28 Guardian

Drones  both from Atomics for the Navy and added to weaponise  the Guardians and IDF analysis is it could be the Helfire missile or Laser Guided bombs, and Under Water Drones and cooperation with DRDO.

 

It must be clear USA has $ 15 bill biz from India and ‘much wants more’ and wants to stop S 400 imports from Russia and RM and EAM are showing bravado by saying Trump’s sanctions mean nothing  for India, as India only obeys UN but also rejects its report on Kashmir.   

 

IDF FEELS India should try to get waiver for Russia as USA needs India for MARITIME CO-OPERATION, that  IDF has analyzed ad nauseam. Chances are good  but the back up strategy  would be to buy F-16 plant and planes or F-18s that IAF nned. In fact IDF has said this before that the 2 plus 2 meeting was delayed for Secretary of State Pompeo and Defence Secretary Gen Mattis to get India’s position and see if India inks S 400 import. The 2 plus two meet is now planned for November for EAM Swaraj and RM Sithraman.

To take on USA if Trump does not relent will be Apne Pair Pe Kulari…..Axe on one’s own feet !  Shan Na Varuna.

INDIA’S 12th NAVAL CHIEF ADMIRAL J G NADKARNI -A NAVIGATOR PAR EXCELLENCE & AN OPERATIONAL FLEET COMMANDER BREATHED HIS LAST BY THE SEA SHORE —–IDF SALUTES YOU SIR — -RIP SIR !

Ranjit B Rai 

Admiral  Jayant Ganpat Nadkarni PVSM NM AVSM was born on 5th Dec, 1931 in Bombay and passed away after an illness in INHS Asvini in Mumbai on 2nd July, 2018. 

He was accorded military honours in his home town Pune. His wife Vimal a  kind lady, pre-deceased him and bore an impaired eyesight with dignity, supported by her husband. They are  survived by  Radm Ravindra Nadkarni who is  following in  his father’s footsteps to serve the nation at sea,  and  is currently the Chief of Staff in the Southern Naval Command. Vijay the elder  is  settled in USA. IDF knew the fine courteous boys when he served the Admiral , and condoles with their families on behalf of those  who knew the Nadkarnis.  Continue reading

USA- PART 2—POT POURI ABOUT TRUMP & INDIA & PM MODI — AMERICANS ADMIT INDIANS ARE THE MOST INTELLIGENT/ HARDWORKING & CLEVER (CHATUR) INFLUENTIAL GROUP IN USA ! BUT WILL THAT HELP STRATEGIC AUTONOMY FOR INDIA ? SO INDIA WAITS FOR 2 PLUS 2 ?

Ranjit B Rai

This IDF post  is about India’s critical  geo-strategic and economic challenge to face USA’s sanctions and begs the question,  will Strategic  Autonomy that PM Modi desires be possible, for India ? The answer lies  in President Trump’s mood which PM Modi has stoked by inviting him to Republic day 26th Jan, 2019 .

After  PM Modi’s off  the record chats with Xi Jinping in Wuhan to maintain peace post Doklam and exchange of films etc, the space maps show consolidation by Chinese, a road to the  Dosa canal below the  Jhamperi  Ridge which Bhutan claims, but can do little, and beefing up of communication facilities, and planes and UAVs at Shigatse airbase. So China  watches  what India will do about Doklam and Trump’s sanctions on Russia and Iran  that US Congress and EU were  not in favour of as members of JCPOA. But EU has succumbed.  Will India do too ? It is a Hobson’s choice. Continue reading